PLAN I

After the formation of the National Independent Bloc – Bloku Kombetar Independent (BKI), in 1946, major events began to occur in the fight to free the homeland.

In 1948 the Foreign Branch ‘P’ of the CIA was approached by the Italian Navy Intelligence, who were supporters of the BKI, and presented them with a proposal for the mounting of a joint operation in Albania.

The BKI was the first organization in exile to participate in the initial operations to infiltrate Albania, in support of the nationalists and their fight against the communist regime of Enver Hoxha.

Upon the arrival in Albania on 15 February, 1949 of Ndue Pjeter Gjomarkaj (cousin of Kapidan Gjon Markagjoni) and Ndue Gjon Melyshi they held a meeting of the nationalist fighters in Qafmolle, where they read the letter below containing instructions given by Kapidan Gjon Markagjoni and Kapidan Ndue Gjomarkaj in Rome, to form a Mirdita “Executive Committee”.

The following document dated 9 February, 1949, is the original ‘order’ signed by Gjon Markagjoni and Ndue Gjomarkaj, Leaders of Mirdita:

English Version

The national fighters welcomed this letter and its guidelines, and based on the instructions given by Kapidan Gjon Markagjoni and Kapidan Ndue Gjomarkaj, it was decided at this meeting that Ndue Pjeter Gjomarkaj should be elected leader of the resistance, while Ndue Melyshi the second in command.

Despite being pursued by communist forces they decide to hold another meeting in Bukmir, on 10 April 1949, where the following decisions were undertaken:

  1. Split into small groups and disperse through different counties.
  2. Meet and talk with the people, to find safe accommodation and pursue activities against the communist regime.
  3. Schedule the next meeting for 1 July 1949, to be held in the Shqopen Murgjës.

On the dates of 1-3 July, the Assembly was held and it was decided to reorganize the organization “League of the Mountains”, originally created by Kapidan Mark Gjon Marku in March 1945, where after his death on June 14, 1946, the organization was led by his brother Kapidan Llesh Gjon Marku, until he also fell in combat on 14 August 1947 in Munegj.

This Assembly of National fighters, held from 1 to 3 July 1949, undertook the following decisions:

  1. Reform of the military organization in Mirdita.
  2. Select Ndue Pjeter Gjomarkaj as the leader.
  3. Select Ndue Melyshi as second in command.
  4. The Council of the Organization would have these members: Ndue Melyshi, Make Dod Lleshaj (Gjini) and Mark Jake Bajraktari.
  5. The Council included all fighters.
  6. Authority for retribution is in force.

After the formation of the organization came into force the council body made the following decisions:

  1. Death penalty and execution of communist Bardhok Biba, Commissioner of Mirdita, and Deputy in Tirana; to rescue the people from such a dangerous man.
  2. Hold another meeting on 7 August 1949 in Shqopen e Mungjes.

On August 9, 1949 they came together to review the situation and during the meeting it was learned that Bardhok Biba had gone to Kacinar to gather workers for labor to be sent across various areas outside of Mirdita, and he would go to Shpal that day. The news was confirmed and everyone decided on his execution.

For the task they assigned a fighter of the ‘retribution body’ and the shooter laid in wait at Valmer’s neck where he successfully executed the assassination. Ndue Pjeter Gjomarkaj signed the statement of execution on behalf of the “Executive Committee“.

The death of Bardhok Biba would be avenged in a horrible sweep by the vicious General Mehemet Shau on 18 August, 1949. He went on to round up 14 people from the Mirdita region and massacred them in retribution:

Llesh Melyshi, Nicholl Bardhok Bajraktari, Bardhok Dod Lleshaj, Gjergj Kec Beleshi, Dod Mark Biba, Ded Preng Gjomarkaj, Nicholl Llesh Nikolli, Gjin Keci, Preng Shkurt Nikolli, Ndoc Gjet Palaj, Frrok Mata, Marka Ndrec Marku, Dek Paloka, Zef Vila.

In this CIA report dated 15 December, 1949, the assassination was described as the “most significant single action of the Albanian resistance movement in recent months.”

The CIA recognized that Bardhok Biba was the traitor responsible for the ambush and murders of Kapidan Mark Gjon Marku in June 1946 and Kapidan Llesh Gjon Marku in August 1947, as shown on this  CIA report.

Proof that this mission was indeed initiated by the Bloku Kombetar Independent, and that the operation was the catalyst for following operations which would last until 1953, is shown in this CIA report dated 3 May 1949:

“The Albanian leader in Italy who has worked with the Italian Navy and OSO in mounting this operations is Ismail Verlaci”.

“This plan entered its operational phase on 15 February 1949……were dropped under excellent condition over a pinpoint in the Serrrisht district, in the Mirdite region of Albania.”

“First Team: Alush Lleshanaku and Xhevdet Blloshmi. Second Team: Ndue (Pjeter) Gjomarkaj and Ndue Melyshi.

Confirming beyond a shadow of a doubt that the mission was indeed carried out by members of the BKI.

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